Fort Amsterdam was constructed in between 1635 and 1636 by the Dutch West India Company (DWIC) under the leadership of admiral Johan van Walbeek. The fort was built to defend the island from the Spanish troops.
In 1634 the DWIC conquered the island of Curaçao which was then a Spanish possession. To prevent the Spanish troops from attacking back they decided to build the Fort Amsterdam. The fort also functioned as the local headquarters of the DWIC. Fort Amsterdam is the oldest fort on Curaçao, there is a total of eight forts spread across the island.
The Fort Amsterdam was built very strategic, it’s located at the entrance of the Sint Anna Bay (the harbor of Curacao, located in Willemstad). The fort was built by Dutch soldiers and slaves from Angola. It’s was designed with a three-meter-wide wall and five bastions, however only four were built. The fort had several cannons that were located seaward.
In the early years everyone lived in the Fort Amsterdam. Gradually there was built around the fort and people moved outside the city of Willemstad. Currently the fort is used by the government of Curacao as the seat of the government. Furthermore, within the walls of the fort, are the oldest church of Curaçao (1769) and the governor's residence. The Fort Amsterdam is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Fort Amsterdam is open daily.
Do you want to visit the church and the museum: They are open from Monday - Friday from 10.00 am - 1.30 pm.
The fort church is also open on Saturday from 9.30 am - 11.00 am.
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